EU and ACP seal a new agreement: Post-Cotonou Agreement

European Union (EU) and Organisation African, Caribbean and Pacific States (ACP) have sealed a new agreement.

The EU and ACP (which consists of 79 states) have both come to the end of negotiations for a new treaty that will replace the current legal framework – the Cotonou agreement. The Cotonou Agreement is a treaty between the EU and ACP that provides several innovative approaches to cooperation, all of which aim to address more effectively the pressing and varying challenges in the development of ACP countries.

The EU-ACP partnership focuses on the eradication of poverty and sustainable development. The new post-Cotonou agreement includes a broader range of policy areas such as democracy and human rights, sustainable economic growth and development, climate change, human and social development etc. The agreement will include three regional protocols for Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific concentrating on the individual regions’ specific needs.

Photo Source: European Union, 2018

The negotiators of the deal reported that brokering the deal was a long process, and not an easy one.  “We mainly disagreed on migration, human rights issues and sexual orientation,” said Negotiator Robert Dussey. The reason for the long process was due to trying to reconcile the EU and ACP countries and their individual perspectives on this matter.

The EU and the ACP hope that the new agreement would strengthen the cooperation on an international field. The OACPS and the EU represent over 1.5 billion people and more than half of the seats at the United Nations. As the protocol of negotiations of the agreement lists migration management as a high priority area, there sets to be a promotion of legal migration.


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